Mayastor User Reference
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Scale etcd

By default, Mayastor allows the creation of three etcd members. If you wish to increase the number of etcd replicas, you will encounter an error. However, you can make the necessary configuration changes discussed in this guide to make it work.

Overview of StatefulSets

StatefulSets are Kubernetes resources designed for managing stateful applications. They provide stable network identities and persistent storage for pods. StatefulSets ensure ordered deployment and scaling, support persistent volume claims, and manage the state of applications. They are commonly used for databases, messaging systems, and distributed file systems. Here's how StatefulSets function:
  • For a StatefulSet with N replicas, when pods are deployed, they are created sequentially in order from {0..N-1}.
  • When pods are deleted, they are terminated in reverse order from {N-1..0}.
  • Before a scaling operation is applied to a pod, all of its predecessors must be running and ready.
  • Before a pod is terminated, all of its successors must be completely shut down.
  • Mayastor uses etcd database for persisting configuration and state information. Etcd is setup as a Kubernetes StatefulSet when Mayastor is installed.
Command
Output
kubectl get dsp -n mayastor
NAME NODE STATE POOL_STATUS CAPACITY USED AVAILABLE
pool-0 worker-0 Online Online 374710730752 22561161216 352149569536
pool-1 worker-1 Online Online 374710730752 21487419392 353223311360
pool-2 worker-2 Online Online 374710730752 21793603584 352917127168
Take a snapshot of the etcd. Click here for the detailed documentation.
  • From etcd-0/1/2, we can see that all the values are registered in the database. Once we scale up etcd with "n" replicas, all the key-value pairs should be available across all the pods.
To scale up the etcd members, the following steps can be performed:
  1. 1.
    Add a new etcd member
  2. 2.
    Add a peer URL
  3. 3.
    Create a PV (Persistent Volume)
  4. 4.
    Validate key-value pairs

Step 1: Adding a New etcd Member (Scaling Up etcd Replica)

To increase the number of replicas to 4, use the following kubectl scale command:
Command
Output
kubectl scale sts mayastor-etcd -n mayastor --replicas=4
statefulset.apps/mayastor-etcd scaled
The new pod will be created on available nodes but will be in a pending state as there is no PV/PVC created to bind the volumes.
Command
Output
kubectl get pods -n mayastor -l app=etcd
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
mayastor-etcd-0 1/1 Running 0 28d
mayastor-etcd-1 1/1 Running 0 28d
mayastor-etcd-2 1/1 Running 0 28d
mayastor-etcd-3 0/1 Pending 0 2m34s

Step 2: Add a New Peer URL

Before creating a PV, we need to add the new peer URL (mayastor-etcd-3=http://mayastor-etcd-3.mayastor-etcd-headless.mayastor.svc.cluster.local:2380) and change the cluster's initial state from "new" to "existing" so that the new member will be added to the existing cluster when the pod comes up after creating the PV. Since the new pod is still in a pending state, the changes will not be applied to the other pods as they will be restarted in reverse order from {N-1..0}. It is expected that all of its predecessors must be running and ready.
Command
Output
kubectl edit sts mayastor-etcd -n mayastor
- name: ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE
value: existing
- name: ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER
value: mayastor-etcd-0=http://mayastor-etcd-0.mayastor-etcd-headless.mayastor.svc.cluster.local:2380,mayastor-etcd-1=http://mayastor-etcd-1.mayastor-etcd-headless.mayastor.svc.cluster.local:2380,mayastor-etcd-2=http://mayastor-etcd-2.mayastor-etcd-headless.mayastor.svc.cluster.local:2380,mayastor-etcd-3=http://mayastor-etcd-3.mayastor-etcd-headless.mayastor.svc.cluster.local:2380

Step 3: Create a Persistent Volume

Create a PV with the following YAML. Change the pod name/claim name based on the pod's unique identity.
This is only for the volumes created with "manual" storage class.
YAML
Output
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolume
metadata:
annotations:
meta.helm.sh/release-name: mayastor
meta.helm.sh/release-namespace: mayastor
pv.kubernetes.io/bound-by-controller: "yes"
finalizers:
- kubernetes.io/pv-protection
labels:
app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
statefulset.kubernetes.io/pod-name: mayastor-etcd-3
name: etcd-volume-3
spec:
accessModes:
- ReadWriteOnce
capacity:
storage: 2Gi
claimRef:
apiVersion: v1
kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
name: data-mayastor-etcd-3
namespace: mayastor
hostPath:
path: /var/local/mayastor/etcd/pod-3
type: ""
persistentVolumeReclaimPolicy: Delete
storageClassName: manual
volumeMode: Filesystem
kubectl apply -f pv-etcd.yaml -n mayastor
persistentvolume/etcd-volume-3 created

Step 4: Validate Key-Value Pairs

Run the following command from the new etcd pod and ensure that the values are the same as those in etcd-0/1/2. Otherwise, it indicates a data loss issue.
Command
kubectl exec -it mayastor-etcd-3 -n mayastor -- bash
#ETCDCTL_API=3
#etcdctl get --prefix ""