Mayastor User Reference
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Configure Mayastor

Create DiskPool(s)

What is a DiskPool?

When a node allocates storage capacity for a replica of a persistent volume (PV) it does so from a DiskPool. Each node may create and manage zero, one, or more such pools. The ownership of a pool by a node is exclusive. A pool can manage only one block device, which constitutes the entire data persistence layer for that pool and thus defines its maximum storage capacity.
A pool is defined declaratively, through the creation of a corresponding DiskPool custom resource on the cluster. The DiskPool must be created in the same namespace where Mayastor has been deployed. User configurable parameters of this resource type include a unique name for the pool, the node name on which it will be hosted and a reference to a disk device which is accessible from that node. The pool definition requires the reference to its member block device to adhere to a discrete range of schemas, each associated with a specific access mechanism/transport/ or device type.
Mayastor versions before 2.0.1 had an upper limit on the number of retry attempts in the case of failure in create events in the DSP operator. With this release, the upper limit has been removed, which ensures that the DiskPool operator indefinitely reconciles with the CR.

Permissible Schemes for spec.disks under DiskPool CR

It is highly recommended to specify the disk using a unique device link that remains unaltered across node reboots. Examples of such device links are: by-path or by-id.
Easy way to retrieve device link for a given node: kubectl mayastor get block-devices worker
DEVNAME DEVTYPE SIZE AVAILABLE MODEL DEVPATH MAJOR MINOR DEVLINKS
/dev/nvme0n1 disk 894.3GiB yes Dell DC NVMe PE8010 RI U.2 960GB /devices/pci0000:30/0000:30:02.0/0000:31:00.0/nvme/nvme0/nvme0n1 259 0 "/dev/disk/by-id/nvme-eui.ace42e00164f0290", "/dev/disk/by-path/pci-0000:31:00.0-nvme-1", "/dev/disk/by-dname/nvme0n1", "/dev/disk/by-id/nvme-Dell_DC_NVMe_PE8010_RI_U.2_960GB_SDA9N7266I110A814"
Usage of the device name (for example, /dev/sdx) is not advised, as it may change if the node reboots, which might cause data corruption.
Type
Format
Example
Disk(non PCI) with disk-by-guid reference (Best Practice)
Device File
aio:///dev/disk/by-id/ OR uring:///dev/disk/by-id/
Asynchronous Disk(AIO)
Device File
/dev/sdx
Asynchronous Disk I/O (AIO)
Device File
aio:///dev/sdx
io_uring
Device File
uring:///dev/sdx
Once a node has created a pool it is assumed that it henceforth has exclusive use of the associated block device; it should not be partitioned, formatted, or shared with another application or process. Any pre-existing data on the device will be destroyed.
A RAM drive isn't suitable for use in production as it uses volatile memory for backing the data. The memory for this disk emulation is allocated from the hugepages pool. Make sure to allocate sufficient additional hugepages resource on any storage nodes which will provide this type of storage.

Configure Pools for Use with this Quickstart

To get started, it is necessary to create and host at least one pool on one of the nodes in the cluster. The number of pools available limits the extent to which the synchronous N-way mirroring (replication) of PVs can be configured; the number of pools configured should be equal to or greater than the desired maximum replication factor of the PVs to be created. Also, while placing data replicas ensure that appropriate redundancy is provided. Mayastor's control plane will avoid placing more than one replica of a volume on the same node. For example, the minimum viable configuration for a Mayastor deployment which is intended to implement 3-way mirrored PVs must have three nodes, each having one DiskPool, with each of those pools having one unique block device allocated to it.
Using one or more the following examples as templates, create the required type and number of pools.
Example DiskPool definition
YAML
cat <<EOF | kubectl create -f -
apiVersion: "openebs.io/v1beta1"
kind: DiskPool
metadata:
name: pool-on-node-1
namespace: mayastor
spec:
node: workernode-1-hostname
disks: ["/dev/disk/by-id/<id>"]
EOF
apiVersion: "openebs.io/v1beta1"
kind: DiskPool
metadata:
name: INSERT_POOL_NAME_HERE
namespace: mayastor
spec:
node: INSERT_WORKERNODE_HOSTNAME_HERE
disks: ["INSERT_DEVICE_URI_HERE"]
When using the examples given as guides to creating your own pools, remember to replace the values for the fields "metadata.name", "spec.node" and "spec.disks" as appropriate to your cluster's intended configuration. Note that whilst the "disks" parameter accepts an array of values, the current version of Mayastor supports only one disk device per pool.
Existing schemas in Custom Resource (CR) definitions (in older versions) will be updated from v1alpha1 to v1beta1 after upgrading to Mayastor 2.4 and above. To resolve errors encountered pertaining to the upgrade, click here.

Verify Pool Creation and Status

The status of DiskPools may be determined by reference to their cluster CRs. Available, healthy pools should report their State as online. Verify that the expected number of pools have been created and that they are online.
Command
Example Output
kubectl get dsp -n mayastor
NAME NODE STATE POOL_STATUS CAPACITY USED AVAILABLE
pool-on-node-1 node-1-14944 Created Online 10724835328 0 10724835328
pool-on-node-2 node-2-14944 Created Online 10724835328 0 10724835328
pool-on-node-3 node-3-14944 Created Online 10724835328 0 10724835328

Create Mayastor StorageClass(s)

Mayastor dynamically provisions PersistentVolumes (PVs) based on StorageClass definitions created by the user. Parameters of the definition are used to set the characteristics and behaviour of its associated PVs. For a detailed description of these parameters see storage class parameter description. Most importantly StorageClass definition is used to control the level of data protection afforded to it (that is, the number of synchronous data replicas which are maintained, for purposes of redundancy). It is possible to create any number of StorageClass definitions, spanning all permitted parameter permutations.
We illustrate this quickstart guide with two examples of possible use cases; one which offers no data redundancy (i.e. a single data replica), and another having three data replicas.
Both the example YAMLs given below have thin provisioning enabled. You can modify these as required to match your own desired test cases, within the limitations of the cluster under test.
Command (1 replica example)
Command (3 replicas example)
cat <<EOF | kubectl create -f -
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
name: mayastor-1
parameters:
ioTimeout: "30"
protocol: nvmf
repl: "1"
provisioner: io.openebs.csi-mayastor
EOF
cat <<EOF | kubectl create -f -
apiVersion: storage.k8s.io/v1
kind: StorageClass
metadata:
name: mayastor-3
parameters:
ioTimeout: "30"
protocol: nvmf
repl: "3"
provisioner: io.openebs.csi-mayastor
EOF
The default installation of Mayastor includes the creation of a StorageClass with the name mayastor-single-replica. The replication factor is set to 1. Users may either use this StorageClass or create their own.